An efficient air conditioning system offers the much needed relief during hot summers starting from the months of May to September. These systems work along with your heating units, maintaining the required level of temperature at home or office. It’s an integral part of your life and in order to benefit from it, you must understand how this system works. To begin with, there are five basic components of an air conditioning system which enable it to provide cooling and heating, as required. These components are discussed below.
1) Compressor: It is recognized as the engine of the air conditioning system. The compressor functions together with a substance called working fluid that can easily transform from gas into a liquid. The main task of the compressor is to convert low-pressure gas into a high pressure gas, which also has high temperature. In this process, the gap regions between molecules get narrowed down, creating energized gas. From here, the energized gas or refrigerant comes out of the compressor to enter into the condenser.
2) Condenser Coil: There is a fan fitted into the condenser coil which cools down the high pressure gas and converts it back into a liquid. This product is now taken to the next part or the component of the air conditioner called the evaporator. You can see compressor and condenser on the outside of your house.
3) Evaporator: Located inside the house, the evaporator is usually found near the furnace. It is linked with the condenser with an extremely thin pipe. The high pressure gas which is now transformed into the low pressure liquid reaches this section of the air conditioning system. The decreasing pressure in this section turns the liquid into a gas again. In this process, the working fluid or refrigerant takes away the heat from the air and cools it off. Next, the working fluid comes out of the evaporator in the form of a gas to again get compressed by the compressor. All this happens in a cyclic fashion.
4) Air Handler and Blowing Unit: These are the two parts of the system which work together to draw room air to the evaporator and disseminate the cool air all over your house. With the help of a duct system the passage of airflow in the room is facilitated.
5) Thermostat: This component helps you maintain the temperature of your air conditioning system by regulating the heat energy flowing inside and outside of it. The thermostat can be set manually or automatically, depending on its features.